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MB Sample ID: SA186762

Local Sample ID:SA184025
Subject ID:SU002075
Subject Type:Bacteria
Subject Species:Escherichia coli
Taxonomy ID:679895
Genotype Strain:BW25113

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Treatment ID:TR002087
Treatment Summary:Purification of DaroB from the producer strain was achieved with a modified purification strategy from DaroA. Briefly, E. coli production strains were incubated for 5 days in a 2 L Erlenmeyer flask with 1 L LB medium supplemented with 50 μg/mL kanamycin at 30 °C. Cells were removed via centrifugation and the culture supernatant was mixed with XAD16N resin (Sigma-Aldrich) overnight under agitation. DaroB was subsequently eluted from the resin with a 50/50 solution of methanol and water, containing 0.1% formic acid. The eluate was then concentrated via rotary evaporator and loaded onto a cation-exchange column (SP Sepharose XL). DaroB was eluted by step gradients of 50 mM ammonium acetate pH 7, pH 8, and pH 10. Eluates were then concentrated by freeze drying, resuspended in Milli-Q water 0.1% (v/v) formic acid, and loaded onto a C18 reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) column (Agilent, C18 5 µm: 250 x10mm, Restek). HPLC conditions for purification of DaroB are: solvent A, Milli-Q water and 0.1% (v/v) formic acid; solvent B, acetonitrile and 0.1% (v/v) formic acid. The initial concentration of 2% solvent B is maintained for 2 min, followed by a linear gradient to 26% B over 12 min with a flow rate of 5 mL min−1; UV detection by diode-array detector from 210 to 400 nm. Pure DaroB was then collected at 11.5 min. For purification of DaroE, fermentation broth was pelleted by centrifugation. The cell pellet was extracted using 80% acetonitrile and water by sonification. The resulting crude extract was fractionated by flash chromatography using a C18 F0120 column with the following gradient: 1) 0-28 min 5% ACN, 2) 28-37 min increased to 15% ACN, 3) 37-50 min, keeping 15% ACN, 4) 50-60 min, increased to 30% ACN, 5) 60-80 min, increased to 100% ACN and keeping 100% ACN for 15 min. By LCMS guided isolation, the DaroE-containing fraction was identified and further separated by HPLC using the following gradient: 1) 0-10 min 23% MeOH, 2)10-20 min increased to 50% MeOH, 3) 20-30 min increased to 100% MeOH, 4) 30-37 min 100% MeOH. Afterwards, the DaroE fraction was further purified by HPLC (gradient: 1) 0-5 min 25 %MeOH, 2) 5-45 min increased to 42.5% MeOH, 3) 45-52 min keeping 100% MeOH to obtain pure compound. For DaroD the same procedure via flash chromatography was followed. Then, the following HPLC gradient was applied: 1) 0-5 min 15% ACN, 2) 5-25 min increased to 25% ACN, 3) 25-30 min increased to 60% ACN, 4) 30-39 min 100% ACN. As before, a further HPLC separation followed to obtain DaroD as pure compound.
Treatment Protocol Filename:Treatment_Protocol_Isolation_of_compounds.docx