Summary of project PR001460

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench,, where it has been assigned Project ID PR001460. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M80T4P This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.


Project ID: PR001460
Project DOI:doi: 10.21228/M80T4P
Project Title:Oxidative phosphorylation selectively orchestrates tissue macrophage homeostasis
Project Summary:In vitro studies associated oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) with anti-inflammatory macrophages, while pro-inflammatory macrophages rely on glycolysis. However, the metabolic needs of macrophages in tissues (TMFs) to fulfil their homeostatic activities are incompletely understood. Here, we identified OXPHOS as highly discriminating process among TMFs from different tissues in homeostasis by analysis of RNAseq data, in both human and mouse. Impairing OXPHOS in TMFs via Tfam deletion differentially affected TMF populations. Tfam deletion resulted in reduction of alveolar macrophages (AMs) due to impaired lipid-handling capacity, leading to increased cholesterol content and cellular stress, causing cell cycle arrest in vivo. In obesity, Tfam depletion selectively ablated pro-inflammatory lipid-handling white adipose tissue macrophages (WAT-MFs), preventing insulin resistance and hepatosteatosis. Thus, OXPHOS, rather than glycolysis, distinguishes TMF populations and is critical for the maintenance of TMFs with a high lipid-handling activity, including pro-inflammatory WAT-MFs. This could provide a selective therapeutic targeting tool.
Institute:Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC)
Department:Novel mechanisms of atherosclerosis
Last Name:Mastrangelo
First Name:Annalaura
Address:Calle de Melchor Fernández Almagro, 3, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares
Phone:(+34) 914531200

Summary of all studies in project PR001460

Study IDStudy TitleSpeciesInstituteAnalysis
(* : Contains Untargted data)
(* : Contains raw data)
ST002280 Oxidative phosphorylation selectively orchestrates tissue macrophage homeostasis Mus musculus Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC) MS 2022-09-22 1 11 Uploaded data (332G)*